Piazza XXVII Maggio, 70011 Alberobello (Bari, Puglia)
The Trulli are traditional Apulian houses with a conical roof. They are built of stones without cement or mortar, placed side by side or on top of one another, like the dry stone walls in the countryside.
This simple but functional structure made it easy to add on new rooms, if the family grew and needed more space.
Moreover, the thick walls - with almost no openings but the doorway - ensured that heat was better retained during the winter, and cool, accumulated in the walls during the cold season, was released in the summer.
The Trullo Casa Pezzolla (now a Museum of the Territory) has been furnished to illustrate family life at the end of the 19th century. The average amount of space was never more than 50 square meters, even if often there were more than eight family members.
The family lived on two levels. The parents' bed and the cradle were placed on the ground floor. The older children slept in the loft, which could be accessed using a stepladder through a hatch.
The fireplace, a few kitchen utensils, a table and chairs were all the furniture.
The only thing that was different was the pinnacle at the top of the cone. It could represent a cross, a star, a pyramid or a crescent, depending on the skills and expertise of the Maestro Trullaro.
If you plan to visit, please check on the House Museum's website.
In-depth information on this House Museum can be found in House museums in Italy. New cultural itineraries: poetry, history, art, architecture, music, arts & crafts, tastes and traditions, a guide-book by Rosanna Pavoni, which can be purchased on line.